Induction of invasive and degradative phenotype in normal synovial fibroblasts exposed to synovial fluid from patients with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis: Role of mononuclear cell population

Zhila Khalkhali-Ellis, Elisabeth A. Seftor, Daniel R.C. Nieva, Richard E B Seftor, Hend A.M. Samaha, Laura Bultman, Joseph E. De Larco, Akgun Ince, Terry L. Moore, Mary J C Hendrix*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. To investigate the effect of synovial fluid (SF) from patients with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) on proliferation and induction of degradative and invasive phenotype in normal synovial fibroblasts, and to elucidate the contribution of SF cells to this activity. Methods. SF and/or conditioned medium (CM) from SF cells were evaluated for their ability to (I) stimulate a proliferative response, (2) induce the 'activated phenotype' capable of invading cartilage matrix, and (3) promote the release of key matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) in normal synovial fibroblasts. Results. Proliferation of normal synovial fibroblasts exposed to SF or CM from SF cells of patients with JRA was up to 3 times greater than untreated controls. Concomitant with induction of an activated phenotype in the treated synovial fibroblasts, the activated form exhibited up to 250% invasiveness of cartilage matrix compared to untreated synovial fibroblasts (100%), in addition to releasing increased MMP activity, not normally associated with these quiescent cells. This induction was not solely due to tumor necrosis factor-α, transforming growth factor-β, interleukin 1β (IL- lB), and IL-6, as SF and/or CM depleted of these cytokines sustained about 40% of their invasive and inducing ability. We observed that the mononuclear cell (MNC) population that infiltrated into the joint cavity secretes this 'inducing activity,' which can he maintained in culture up to several weeks. Conclusion. Our data suggest that the cellular component of SF releases soluble factor(s) that directly or indirectly contribute to (a) proliferation of synovial fibroblasts, and (b) production and release of extracellular MMP by synovial fibroblasts, thereby inducing a degradative and invasive phenotype culminating in cartilage and bone destruction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2451-2460
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Volume24
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 1997

Keywords

  • Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
  • Monocytes
  • Mononuclear cells
  • Synovial fibroblasts
  • Synovial fluid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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