Induction of peroxisomal enzymes in livers of neonatal rats exposed to lactating mothers treated with hypolipidaemic drugs. Role of drug metabolite transfer in milk

W. E. Fahl, N. D. Lalwani, M. K. Reddy, J. K. Reddy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lactating rats were administered by gavage 100 mg/kg body wt. twice a day of either nafenopin or Wy-14,643, two hypolipidaemic drugs with hepatic peroxisome proliferative property. Neonatal rats, after feeding from the drug-treated mothers of 8-14 days, showed sustained increases in both the proliferation of hepatic peroxisomes, as well as in levels of the peroxisome-associated enzymes catalase (3-fold), carnitine acetyltransferase (15-35-fold), peroxisomal enoyl-CoA hydratase (29-46-fold), and palmitoyl-CoA oxidation (12-14-fold). These increases in enzyme activities in suckling rats were similar to those seen in the livers of the drug-treated, lactating mothers after 14 days of treatment. After administering [3H]nafenopin or [3H]Wy-14,643 to lactating rats, significant levels of drug-derived radioactivity were observed in suckling rat gastric milk curds by 2-4h with significant radioactivity seen in suckling rat livers by 4-6h. T.l.c. analysis of organic extracts of milk samples from [3H]Wy-14,634 treated animals indicated no detectable levels of the parent drug, only more-polar metabolites. Wy-14,643 metabolites preparatively purified from a rat liver microsomal fraction incubation induced peroxisome proliferation when injected into a neonatal rat. Preparative high pressure liquid chromatography purification and mass spectral analysis has allowed preliminary assessment of the structures of the Wy-14,643 microsomal metabolites. It is concluded that one or more of the metabolite fractions of Wy-14,643 transferred in milk exert the biological ability to induce peroxisome proliferation and peroxisomal enzymes in neonatal livers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)875-883
Number of pages9
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume210
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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