Infectious uveitis

Julia F. Malalis, Sarah M. Escott, Debra A. Goldstein*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Infectious etiologies are implicated in many cases of pediatric uveitis. Common causes of infectious uveitis in children include toxoplasmosis, toxocariasis, and the herpes viruses. Tuberculosis is a less common cause of uveitis and is more often encountered in developing countries. Toxoplasmosis is the most common cause of posterior uveitis in children. In one recent study, 58 % of children with posterior uveitis had ocular toxoplasmosis. Infectious posterior uveitis in children can have particularly devastating visual outcomes, both because of anatomic damage and the induction of amblyopia. If an infectious etiology is suspected in uveitis, therapy should be directed against the causative organism prior to initiating steroid therapy or systemic immunosuppression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPractical Management of Pediatric Ocular Disorders and Strabismus
Subtitle of host publicationA Case-based Approach
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages233-249
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9781493927456
ISBN (Print)9781493927449
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 27 2016

Keywords

  • Cat-scratch disease
  • Cytomegalovirus
  • Endogenous endophthalmitis
  • Herpes
  • Histoplasmosis
  • Infectious uveitis
  • Necrotizing retinitis
  • Pediatric
  • Rubella
  • Syphilis
  • Toxocariasis
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Tuberculosis
  • Uveitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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