Infiltrator angioplasty balloon catheter: A device for combined angioplasty and intramural site-specific treatment

Peter Barath*, Alexander Popov, Garry L. Dillehay, Gabor Matos, Thomas McKiernan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: We describe a new angioplasty device (Infiltrator Angioplasty Balloon Catheter; IABC) with intramural drug delivery capability. The conventional balloon part of the device, when inflated, dilates the vessel or has three rows of longitudinally mounted infiltrator nipples to penetrate the tunica media. Through an independent infiltrator port and nipples, drugs can be infiltrated directly into the vessel wall. Methods: The device was tested in 117 normal coronary arteries of 58 farm pigs. Results: (1) The infiltration procedure does not damage the vessel angiographically or histologically. At the infiltration site, the endothelial layer and the internal elastic lamina has a controlled interruption, and the infiltrated fluid is distributed among the medial layers, causing a mild focal edema and medlal thickening (1.8 times on average). (2) Rhodamine tracer is circularly and evenly distributed through the whole width of the vessel wall within 10 min after infiltration. (3) Two weeks after the infiltration procedure, the medial layer reveals mild local thickening and remodeling without luminal narrowing. (4) Of the intramurally infiltrated Tcm99-labeled surfurcoliold, 83.8% is detectable at 5 min after the delivery procedure by gamma camera. (5) The IABC, if oversized, is able to achieve angiographic dilatation in normal pig coronary arteries, causing histologic damage similar to or less than that induced by conventional balloon dilatation. Conclusions: The IABC can deliver fluid-phase substances directly into the vessel wall with microliter accuracy end with 90% efficiency without significant acute and subacute damage to the vessel wall. It is also suitable for combined dilatation and local drug delivery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)333-341
Number of pages9
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular Diagnosis
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 1997

Keywords

  • Coronary angioplasty
  • Delivery device
  • Local drug delivery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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