Inflammatory markers associated with subclinical coronary artery disease: The multicenter AIDS cohort study

Hossein Bahrami*, Matthew Budoff, Sabina A. Haberlen, Pantea Rezaeian, Kerunne Ketlogetswe, Russell Tracy, Frank Palella, Mallory D. Witt, Michael V. McConnell, Lawrence Kingsley, Wendy S. Post

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background-Despite evidence for higher risk of coronary artery disease among HIV+ individuals, the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. We investigated associations of inflammatory markers with subclinical coronary artery disease in 923 participants of the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (575 HIV+ and 348 HIV- men) who underwent noncontrast computed tomography scans for coronary artery calcification, the majority (n=692) also undergoing coronary computed tomography angiography. Methods and Results-Outcomes included presence and extent of coronary artery calcification, plus computed tomography angiography analysis of presence, composition, and extent of coronary plaques and severity of coronary stenosis. HIV+ men had significantly higher levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), intercellular adhesion molecule-1, C-reactive protein, and soluble-tumor necrosis factor-a receptor (sTNFαR) I and II (all P < 0.01) and a higher prevalence of noncalcified plaque (63% versus 54%, P=0.02) on computed tomography angiography. Among HIV+ men, for every SD increase in log-interleukin-6 and log intercellular adhesion molecule-1, there was a 30% and 60% increase, respectively, in the prevalence of coronary stenosis ≥50% (all P < 0.05). Similarly, sTNFαR I and II in HIV+ participants were associated with an increase in prevalence of coronary stenosis ≥70% (P < 0.05). Higher levels of interleukin-6, sTNFαR I, and sTNFαR II were also associated with greater coronary artery calcification score in HIV+ men (P < 0.01). Conclusions-Higher inflammatory marker levels are associated with greater prevalence of coronary stenosis in HIV+ men. Our findings underscore the need for further study to elucidate the relationships of inflammatory pathways with coronary artery disease in HIV+ individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere003371
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume5
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Cardiac biomarkers
  • Cardiac computed tomography
  • Coronary artery calcium
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Coronary computed tomography scan
  • Epidemiology
  • HIV
  • HIV infection
  • Inflammation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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