Influence of nano-silica agglomeration on fresh properties of cement pastes

Deyu Kong*, Yong Su, Xiangfei Du, Yang Yang, Su Wei, Surendra P. Shah

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

107 Scopus citations


The influence of nano-silica agglomeration on fresh properties of the cement paste was investigated by using precipitated nano-silica (PS) with very large agglomerates and fumed nano-silica (FS) with much smaller ones as nano-strengthening admixtures. The rheologic tests revealed that addition of PS showed a greater influence on rheological behavior of the paste than that of FS, because the very large agglomerates in PS cannot act as fillers to release free water in the void space originally contributing to fluidity, but absorb free water originally contributing to fluidity in paste. Through monitoring the heat evolution, it is interestingly found that addition of PS accelerated cement hydration more significantly than that of FS though the latter provides much more seeds than the former, implying that the acceleration may have nothing to do with the so-called seeding effect. The calcium-adsorption tests confirmed that the accelerating effect is probably caused by the rapid calcium adsorption of nano-silica, which can keep a low under-saturation of calcium ions in paste, enabling a higher dissolution rate of calcium and thus an increase of heat evolution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)557-562
Number of pages6
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
StatePublished - 2013


  • Accelerating effect
  • Fumed nano-silica
  • Precipitated nano-silica
  • Seeding effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


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