Influenza-associated cardiovascular mortality in older adults in Beijing, China: A population-based time-series study

Rong Liu, Xiaoshuang Liu, Peng Yang, Xin Du, Liu He, Tiange Chen, Xiang Li, Guotong Xie, Shuangsheng Wu, Jianting Su, Shijun Xia, Chao Jiang, Mark D. Huffman, Chandini Raina MacIntyre, Zaihua Wei, Quanyi Wang*, Jianzeng Dong, Craig Anderson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective This study comprehensively estimated the excess cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality attributable to influenza in an older (age ≥65 years) population. Design Ecological study. Setting Aggregated data from administrative systems on CVD mortality, influenza surveillance and meteorological data in Beijing, China. Main outcome measure Excess overall CVD, and separately for ischaemic heart disease (IHD), ischaemic stroke, haemorrhagic stroke mortality attributable to influenza, adjusting for influenza activity, time trend, seasonality and ambient temperature. Results CVD (risk ratio (RR) 1.02, 95% CI 1.01, 1.02), IHD (RR 1.01, 95% CI 1.01, 1.02), ischaemic stroke (RR=1.03, 95% CI 1.02, 1.04), but not haemorrhagic stroke (RR=1.00, 95% CI 0.99, 1.01) mortality, were significantly associated with every 10% increase in influenza activity. An increase in circulating A(H1N1)09pdm, A(H3N2) and B type virus were all significantly associated with CVD and ischaemic stroke mortality, but only A(H3N2) and B type virus with IHD mortality. The strongest increase in disease mortality was in the same week as the increase in influenza activity. Annual excess CVD mortality rate attributable to influenza ranged from 54 to 96 per 100 000 population. The 3%-6% CVD mortality attributable to influenza activity was related to an annual excess of 916-1640 CVD deaths in Beijing, China. Conclusions Influenza activity has moderate to strong associations with CVD, IHD and ischaemic stroke mortality in older adults in China. Promoting influenza vaccination could have major health benefit in this population. Background Influenza may trigger serious CVD events. An estimation of excess CVD mortality attributable to influenza has particular relevance in China where vaccination is low and CVD burden is high. Methods This study analysed data at the population level (age ≥65 years) using linked aggregated data from administrative systems on CVD mortality, influenza surveillance and meteorological data during 2011 to 2018. Quasi-Poisson regression models were used to estimate the excess overall CVD, and separately for IHD, ischaemic stroke, haemorrhagic stroke mortality attributable to influenza, adjusting for influenza activity, time trend, seasonality and ambient temperature. Analyses were also undertaken for influenza subtypes (A(H1N1)09pdm, A(H3N2) and B viruses), and mortality risk with time lags of 1-5 weeks following influenza activity in the current week.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere042487
JournalBMJ open
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 19 2020

Keywords

  • cardiology
  • epidemiology
  • infectious diseases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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