Information Sharing and Team Performance: A Meta-Analysis

Jessica R. Mesmer-Magnus*, Leslie A. DeChurch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

675 Scopus citations

Abstract

Information sharing is a central process through which team members collectively utilize their available informational resources. The authors used meta-analysis to synthesize extant research on team information sharing. Meta-analytic results from 72 independent studies (total groups = 4,795; total N = 17,279) demonstrate the importance of information sharing to team performance, cohesion, decision satisfaction, and knowledge integration. Although moderators were identified, information sharing positively predicted team performance across all levels of moderators. The information sharing-team performance relationship was moderated by the representation of information sharing (as uniqueness or openness), performance criteria, task type, and discussion structure by uniqueness (a 3-way interaction). Three factors affecting team information processing were found to enhance team information sharing: task demonstrability, discussion structure, and cooperation. Three factors representing decreasing degrees of member redundancy were found to detract from team information sharing: information distribution, informational interdependence, and member heterogeneity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)535-546
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Volume94
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2009

Keywords

  • group
  • hidden profile
  • information processing
  • information sampling bias
  • information sharing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Information Sharing and Team Performance: A Meta-Analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this