Informational cues and attributions based on role behavior

Bobby J. Calder*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


A recent experiment by Messick and Reeder (Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 1972, 18, 482-491) attempted to extend Jones, Davis, and Gergen's (Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 1961, 63, 302-310) classic finding that out-of-role more informative for person perception than in-role behavior. It is argued, however, that this study confounded two variables, role performance and occupation. Evidence is presented that the occupation variable alone could have produced Messick and Reeder's results. Both variables seem to affect attributions. The importance of these findings for relating attribution theory and role theory is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-125
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1974

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


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