Informing the future of PrEP navigation: Findings from a five-site cluster evaluation

Yamir Salabarría-Peña*, Chelsea Douglas, Meredith Brantley, Amy K. Johnson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis) Implementation, Data to Care and Evaluation (PrIDE) demonstration project funded 12 health departments (HD) (2016–2019) to scale up PrEP among sexual minorities at risk for HIV. Each health department (HD) conducted an evaluation of at least one local strategy, and, to maximize crossvalidation, an adapted cluster evaluation approach was employed. As a result, five HDs with similar evaluation questions regarding PrEP navigation were identified. Overall, PrEP navigation fit in well with HD clinics and community-based organizations. A hybrid model of patient, peer, and systems navigation linking clients to PrEP and social services was commonly used. Although there were no differences by setting regarding linking clients to PrEP providers, one HD demonstrated that having all PrEP services in the same location contributed the most to PrEP uptake. Navigator skill for case management and rapport building facilitated navigation, whereas staff turnover and lack of client health insurance were challenges. While one HD in a non-Medicaid expansion state was affected by health insurance issues the most, another HD demonstrated that providing payment assistance increased client PrEP use. The findings pinpoint PrEP navigation hybrid modality and having health insurance as promising strategies to increase PrEP uptake among priority groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101999
JournalEvaluation and Program Planning
StatePublished - Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Cluster evaluation
  • HIV
  • MSM
  • Navigation
  • Patient navigation
  • Peer navigation
  • PrEP
  • PrEP navigation
  • Systems navigation
  • Transgender

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Social Psychology
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Strategy and Management
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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