Clinical use of the sciatic nerve block (SNB) has been limited by technical difficulties in performing the block using standard approaches, substantial patient discomfort during the procedure, or the need for two injections to block the tibial and peroneal nerves. In this report, we describe a single-injection method for SNB using an infragluteal-parabiceps approach, where the nerve is located along the lateral border of the biceps femoris muscle. SNB was performed in the prone or lateral decubitus position. The needle was positioned (average depth, 56 ± 15 mm) to the point where plantar flexion (53%) or inversion (45%) of the ipsilateral foot was obtained at ≤0.4 mA. Levobupivacaine 0.625% with epinephrine (1:200:000) was administered at a dose of 0.4 mL/kg. The procedure was completed in 6 ± 3 min. Discomfort during block placement was treated with fentanyl 50-100 μg in 24% of patients. Complete sensory loss and motor paralysis occurred in 92% of subjects at a median time of 10 (range, 5-25) min after injection. Compared with plantar flexion, foot inversion was associated with a more frequent incidence (86% versus 100%), and shorter latency for both sensory loss and motor paralysis of the peroneal, tibial, and sural nerves. There were no immediate or delayed complications. We conclude that the infragluteal-parabiceps approach to SNB is reliable, efficient, safe, and well tolerated by patients.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Anesthesia and analgesia|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine