Inhibins and activins exhibit a broad spectrum of biologic activities, many of which affect the reproductive axis. Within the ovary and testis, the synthesis of the inhibin and activin α and β subunits is regulated by circulating hormones, such as the pituitary gonadotropins, and by diverse paracrine factors. Considerable progress has been made in establishing patterns of inhibin and activin subunit gene expression in the gonads and in cultured gonadal cells. Analysis of the inhibin and activin subunit genes is now providing insight into the signaling pathways and molecular mechanisms by which inhibin and activin subunit gene expression is modulated in the ovary and testis. Genetic manipulation of the inhibin and activin subunit genes promises additional revelations on the biologic functions of these intriguing hormones.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism