Inhibition of cyclin D1 by shRNA is associated with enhanced sensitivity to conventional therapies for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

Vishal Kothari, Rita Mulherkar*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Overexpression of cyclin D1 is associated with resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy in several types of cancer including head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Materials and Methods: Cyclin D1 was silenced in an HNSCC cell line and its effect tested in sensitizing the cells to cisplatin, in vitro as well as in vivo. The HNSCC cell line NT8e, which is a chemoresistant, cyclin D1 over-expressing cell line, was used in the study. RNAi (shRNA) against cyclin D1 was designed and cloned in a vector. Results: Stable silencing of cyclin D1 resulted in delayed cell cycle progression and significantly sensitized the cells to cisplatin. Effective cell kill was achieved at a much lower therapeutic dose in vivo. Conclusion: Suboptimal concentrations of cisplatin could be used in vivo to eradicate xenograft tumors indicating the promise of combining vector-based cyclin D1 silencing with chemotherapy to achieve maximum tumor regression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-128
Number of pages8
JournalAnticancer research
Volume32
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

Keywords

  • Chemosensitivity
  • Cisplatin
  • Cyclin D1
  • HNSCC
  • Head and neck cancer
  • RNAi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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