Inhibition of wild-type p66ShcA in mesangial cells prevents glycooxidant-dependent FOXO3a regulation and promotes the survival phenotype

Janaki Chintapalli, Shuo Yang, David Opawumi, Sunita Ray Goyal, Nazia Shamsuddin, Ashwani Malhotra, Krzysztof Reiss, Leonard G. Meggs*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hyperglycemia triggers an exponential increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) at the cellular level. Here, we demonstrate induction of the oxidant-resistant phenotype in mesangial cells by silencing the wild-type (WT) p66ShcA gene. Two approaches were employed to inhibit WTp66ShcA in SV40 murine mesangial cells and normal human mesangial cells: transient transfection with isoform-specific p66ShcA short-intervening RNA and stable transfection with mutant 36 p66ShcA expression vector. At high ambient glucose (HG), p66ShcA-deficient cells exhibit resistance to HG-induced ROS generation and attenuation in the amplitude of the kinetic curves for intracellular ROS metabolism, indicative of the pivotal role of WTp66ShcA in the generation of HG oxidant stress. We next examined phosphorylation and subcellular distribution of FKHRL1 (FOXO3a), a potent stress response regulator and downstream target of WTp66ShcA redox function. At HG, cell extracts of p66ShcA-deficient cells analyzed by immunoblotting show attenuation of FOXO3a phosphorylation at Thr-32, and indirect immunofluorescence of p66ShcA-deficient cells, cotransfected with HAFOXO3a, show predominant HA-FOXO3a nuclear localization. Conversely, parental cells at HG show upregulation of phos-Thr-32 and nuclear export of HA-FOXO3a. To determine whether inhibition of cross talk between WTp66ShcA and FOXO3a confers protection against oxidant-induced DNA damage, DNA strand breaks (DSB) and apoptosis were examined. At HG, p66ShcA-deficient cells exhibit increased resistance to DSB and apoptosis, while parental cells show a striking increase in both parameters. We conclude that knockdown of WTp66ShcA redox function prevents HG-dependent FOXO3a regulation and promotes the survival phenotype.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)F523-F530
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Volume292
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2007

Keywords

  • DNA damage
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Redox function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Urology

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