Background: ProvenCare is a joint initiative of the American College of Surgeons Commission on Cancer, Geisinger, and The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) to standardize evidence-based practices in the delivery of surgical lung cancer care. This study compares outcomes of ProvenCare patients with the STS Database. Methods: Best practice elements were agreed on through expert consensus meetings. ProvenCare elements were used to direct care. Compliance was monitored while clinical outcomes were collected within the STS General Thoracic Surgery Database (GTSD). ProvenCare patient outcomes were compared with outcomes in all other STS GTSD patients. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression models compared morbidity and mortality. Results: A total of 2026 patients at 23 ProvenCare hospitals were compared with 71 565 control patients at 311 hospitals from 2010 to 2016. ProvenCare patients were more likely to receive guideline-recommended staging evaluations and more likely to have mediastinal staging performed during resection (63.4% vs 49.4%; P < .001). There was no difference in 30-day mortality (1.4% vs 1.3% lobectomy [P = .84]; 3.4% vs 2.0% all other resections [P = .054]) or STS indicator complications (10.8% vs 9.9% lobectomy [P = .21]; 9.2% vs 9.4% all other resections [P = .92]). When controlling for patient-level clinical and demographic risk factors, the likelihood of perioperative morbidity and mortality was not significantly different (odds ratio [OR], 1.07 [95% CI, 0.77-1.47] lobectomy; OR, 0.97 [95% CI, 0.62-1.50] all other resections). Conclusions: Variability in preoperative evaluation of patients with lung cancer represents an opportunity to improve quality of care. ProvenCare increased use of guideline-recommended preoperative processes, which may improve cancer outcomes and survival, without resulting in differences in short-term surgical outcomes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine