Initiation and Evolution of PSRs

Nathan Walter, Emily A. Andrews, Rebecca Tukachinsky Forster

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Most research examines parasocial relationships (PSRs) with cross-sectional designs. However, by nature, relationships evolve over time and need to be managed and nurtured if they are to thrive. The chapter offers an account of the key predictors in the initiation and evolution of positive, amicable PSRs. This chapter addresses the dynamic nature of PSRs by providing an overview of the literature concerning factors that predict the initiation and continued growth of PSRs. The chapter then turns to describe three theoretical models that conceptualize PSRs as an ever-evolving process. The chapter concludes by highlighting several promising areas for future research into the initiation and development of PSRs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of Parasocial Experiences
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9780197650707
ISBN (Print)9780197650677
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023


  • Panksepp-Jakobson hypothesis
  • attraction
  • binge watching
  • homophily
  • longitudinal research
  • parasocial attachment
  • relationship maintenance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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