Injectable small intestine submucosal extracellular matrix in an acute myocardial infarction model

Hadi Daood Toeg, Rashmi Tiwari-Pandey, Richard Seymour, Ali Ahmadi, Suzanne Crowe, Branka Vulesevic, Erik J. Suuronen, Marc Ruel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background The mechanisms involved in myocardial regeneration and cardiac remodeling were examined by injecting porcine-derived small intestine submucosal extracellular matrix (SIS-ECM), with and without circulating angiogenic cells (CACs), in a mouse model of acute myocardial infarction (MI). Methods Nine- to 10-week-old female C57BL/6J mice had the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery ligated. Seven days after ligation, 38 randomly allocated animals received echocardiographically guided intramyocardial injections of phosphate buffered saline (PBS), CACs, SIS-ECM, or SIS-ECM + CACs. Repeated echocardiography and immunohistochemical analysis were performed at 28 days after ligation. Results Baseline postligation left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was equivalent in all groups. Twenty-one days after treatment, ejection fraction improved in the SIS-ECM + CAC treatment group (by 38% ± 2.12%) and the SIS-ECM treatment group (by 36% ± 3.71%), compared with the CAC-alone and PBS treatment groups (p < 0.1). Masson's trichrome staining showed reduced infarct size in SIS-ECM + CACs (34.2% ± 3.1%) and SIS-ECM alone (34.5% ± 4.7%) compared with CACs alone (47.3% ± 6.0%) and PBS (61.9% ± 5.5%; p < 0.002). Arteriolar density in periinfarct regions was enhanced in both SIS-ECM-treated groups (by ≥ 78% ± 7%; p = 0.03). More GATA4- and β-catenin-positive cardiac cells were found in the myocardium of SIS-ECM-treated animals. Conclusions Intramyocardial delivery of SIS-ECM 7 days after MI in a mouse model reduced infarct size and improved myocardial vessel density and function; when combined with CACs it helped restore myocardial cellularity, suggesting a potential therapeutic role for SIS-ECM in cardiac regeneration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1686-1694
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume96
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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