Injury prevention education using pictorial information

Elizabeth C. Powell, Robert R. Tanz, Andrew Uyeda, Mary Beth Gaffney, Karen M. Sheehan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Written materials used in pédiatrie public health settings often exceed the reading skills of caretakers. Objective. To compare a pictorial anticipatory guidance (PAG) sheet requiring limited reading skills to a TIPP (The Injury Prevention Program) sheet for providing injury prevention information to low-income urban families. Design and Setting. A convenience sample of families with children treated at an urban pédiatrie clinic affiliated with a teaching hospital. Methods. Parents of children 6 years old received either a PAG sheet or a TIPP sheet during a well-child care clinic visit; parents of children seen in the morning clinic received a PAG sheet and those seen during the afternoon clinic a TIPP sheet. All also received injury prevention counseling by a clinic nurse. The recall of injury prevention information was assessed by telephone questionnaire 14 to 28 days after the clinic encounter. Results. We interviewed 66 parents (57% of families enrolled): 46 were in the PAG group and 20 in the TIPP group. There were no differences between groups in mean parent age, percent minority race, or percent public aid. Eighty-seven percent of PAG and 100% of TIPP parents recalled receiving an information sheet; 17% of PAG and 20% of TIPP parents could recall no specific injury topics. The mean number of topics recalled was 2.1 ±1.5 from parents in the PAG group and 1.6 ±1.1 from those in the TIFF group. No specific injury topic was recalled by more than half the parents in either group. Conclusions. Recall of injury information several weeks after a clinic visit is limited. The use of PAG sheets did not improve recall; lack of literacy is not the sole cause of poor recall. Successful injury prevention counseline in this population mav require comprehen-sive and repetitive efforts. in-jury prevention, counseling, primary care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages1
JournalPediatrics
Volume105
Issue number1 II
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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