Injury prevention education using pictorial information.

E. C. Powell*, R. R. Tanz, A. Uyeda, M. B. Gaffney, K. M. Sheehan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Written materials used in pediatric public health settings often exceed the reading skills of caretakers. OBJECTIVE: To compare a pictorial anticipatory guidance (PAG) sheet requiring limited reading skills to a TIPP (The Injury Prevention Program) sheet for providing injury prevention information to low-income urban families. DESIGN AND SETTING: A convenience sample of families with children treated at an urban pediatric clinic affiliated with a teaching hospital. Methods. Parents of children </=6 years old received either a PAG sheet or a TIPP sheet during a well-child care clinic visit; parents of children seen in the morning clinic received a PAG sheet and those seen during the afternoon clinic a TIPP sheet. All also received injury prevention counseling by a clinic nurse. The recall of injury prevention information was assessed by telephone questionnaire 14 to 28 days after the clinic encounter. RESULTS: We interviewed 66 parents (57% of families enrolled): 46 were in the PAG group and 20 in the TIPP group. There were no differences between groups in mean parent age, percent minority race, or percent public aid. Eighty-seven percent of PAG and 100% of TIPP parents recalled receiving an information sheet; 17% of PAG and 20% of TIPP parents could recall no specific injury topics. The mean number of topics recalled was 2.1 +/- 1.5 from parents in the PAG group and 1.6 +/- 1.1 from those in the TIPP group. No specific injury topic was recalled by more than half the parents in either group. CONCLUSIONS: Recall of injury information several weeks after a clinic visit is limited. The use of PAG sheets did not improve recall; lack of literacy is not the sole cause of poor recall. Successful injury prevention counseling in this population may require comprehensive and repetitive efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e16
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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