Inosine and adenosine formation in ischemic and non-ischemic contracting muscles of rats: difference between fast and slow muscles

N. Hara, I. Mineo, N. Kono, Y. Yamada, M. Kawachi, H. Kiyokawa, T. Yamasaki, Y. L. Wang, H. Nakajima, M. Kuwajima, S. Tarui

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Inosine and adenosine formation was evaluated in different types of rat skeletal muscle during ischemic and non-ischemic contraction. Extensor digitorum longus (EDL, fast) and soleus (slow) muscles were stimulated electrically via the sciatic nerve (5 Hz, 10 min). Under non-ischemic condition, the concentrations of IMP, inosine, adenosine, and hypoxanthine increased in EDL muscles but not in soleus muscles during stimulation. Under ischemic condition, these metabolites increased in both EDL and soleus muscles, although the increases in IMP and inosine were greater in EDL muscles. The increase in inosine had a strong positive correlation with that in IMP in ischemic EDL and soleus muscles, but the ratio, Δinosine/ΔIMP was smaller in EDL muscles. The increase in adenosine under ischemic condition was not significantly different between the two muscles. These findings suggest that ischemic enhances degradation of purine nucleotides in contracting fast and slow muscles, and that although the degradation of purine nucleotides to IMP is greater in fast muscles than in slow muscles, the relative degradation rate of IMP to inosine is rather smaller in fast muscles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)309-321
Number of pages13
JournalResearch Communications in Chemical Pathology and Pharmacology
Volume60
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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