Inositol phosphates and core subunits of the Sin3L/Rpd3L histone deacetylase (HDAC) complex up-regulate deacetylase activity

Ryan Dale Marcum, Ishwar Radhakrishnan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


The constitutively nuclear histone deacetylases (HDACs) 1, 2, and 3 erase acetyl marks on acetyllysine residues, alter the landscape of histone modifications, and modulate chromatin structure and dynamics and thereby crucially regulate gene transcription in higher eukaryotes. Nuclear HDACs exist as at least six giant multiprotein complexes whose nonenzymatic subunits confer genome targeting specificity for these enzymes. The deacetylase activity of HDACs has been shown previously to be enhanced by inositol phosphates, which also bridge the catalytic domain in protein-protein interactions with SANT (Swi3, Ada2, N-Cor, and TFIIIB) domains in all HDAC complexes except those that contain the Sin3 transcriptional corepressors. Here, using purified recombinant proteins, coimmunoprecipitation and HDAC assays, and pulldown and NMR experiments, we show that HDAC1/2 deacetylase activity in one of the most ancient and evolutionarily conserved Sin3L/Rpd3L complexes is inducibly up-regulated by inositol phosphates but involves interactions with a zinc finger motif in the Sin3-associated protein 30 (SAP30) subunit that is structurally unrelated to SANT domains, indicating convergent evolution at the functional level. This implies that this mode of regulation has evolved independently multiple times and provides an evolutionary advantage. We also found that constitutive association with another core subunit, Rb-binding protein 4 chromatin-binding factor (RBBP4), further enhances deacetylase activity, implying both inducible and constitutive regulatory mechanisms within the same HDAC complex. Our results indicate that inositol phosphates stimulate HDAC activity and that the SAP30 zinc finger motif performs roles similar to that of the unrelated SANT domain in promoting the SAP30-HDAC1 interaction and enhancing HDAC activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13928-13938
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number38
StatePublished - Sep 20 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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