Instability of capillary jets with thermocapillarity

J. J. Xu, Stephen H Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


Long axisymmetric liquid zones are subject to axial temperature gradients which induce steady viscous flows driven by thermocapillarity. The approximately parallel flow in a cylindrical zone is examined for linearized instabilities. Capillary, surface-wave and thermalmodes are found. Capillary breakup can be retarded or even suppressed for small Prandtl number and large Biot number B, whichmeasures heat transfer from the liquid to the surrounding atmosphere. In the limiting case B→∞ the zone becomes an isothermal jet subject to axial 'wind stress' on its interface. It is then possible to suppress capillary breakup entirely so that one canmaintain long coherent jets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-25
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
StatePublished - Jan 1 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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