Instability of the shoulder and elbow

G. W. Nuber*, M. K. Bowen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The shoulder and elbow are the two joints in the upper extremity in which instability is a common clinical problem. Our knowledge of the static anatomic and dynamic stabilizing factors continues to develop through basic science research. Clinically, the importance of a careful physical examination is also stressed. Surgical treatments for instability have focused on an anatomic approach, in which knowledge of patholaxities directs the surgical technique. We present a discussion of the recently published literature on shoulder and elbow instability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-87
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Opinion in Orthopaedics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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