Insulin resistance in women with polycystic ovary syndrome

Andrea Dunaif*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with insulin resistance. There are also defects in pancreatic β-cell function in affected women. These abnormalities are heritable. There are post-binding defects in insulin receptor signaling, with selective resistance to insulin's metabolic actions and constitutively activated mitogenic signaling in skeletal muscle. Intrinsic and environmental abnormalities interact to produce peripheral insulin resistance in PCOS. A susceptibility gene region for PCOS is located on chromosome 19p13.2. The susceptibility allele is also associated with a metabolic phenotype.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFertility and Sterility
Volume86
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2006

Keywords

  • androgens
  • insulin resistance
  • metabolic disorders
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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