Intact Delay-Eyeblink Classical Conditioning in Amnesia

John D.E. Gabrieli*, Regina McGlinchey-Berroth, Maria C. Carrillo, Mark A. Gluck, Laird S. Cermak, John F. Disterhoft

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

135 Scopus citations

Abstract

The status of classical conditioning in human amnesia was examined by comparing conditioning of the eyeblink response (the unconditional response) to a tone conditioned stimulus (CS) paired with an airpuff unconditioned stimulus (US) in the delay paradigm between 7 amnesic and 7 age-and education-matched normal control participants. Amnesic patients exhibited normal baseline performance in pseudoconditioning and normal acquisition and extinction of conditioned responses in terms of the number, latency, and magnitude of eyeblinks. These results indicate that in humans, as in rabbits, brain structures critical for declarative memory are not essential for the acquisition of elementary CS-US associations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)819-827
Number of pages9
JournalBehavioral Neuroscience
Volume109
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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