Integrated analysis of long noncoding RNAs and mRNAs reveals their potential roles in the pathogenesis of uterine leiomyomas

Haiyang Guo, Xiyu Zhang, Ruifen Dong, Xiaolin Liu, Yinuo Li, Shan Lu, Limei Xu, Yuqiong Wang, Xiyao Wang, Dong Hou, Jian Jun Wei, Changshun Shao, Zhaojian Liu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Global expression profiling studies showed that miRNAs are aberrantly expressed in uterine leiomyomas (ULMs) and are involved in ULM pathogenesis. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are another group of regulatory RNA whose expression and roles in ULMs have not been explored. In this study, we examined the global expressions of lncRNAs and mRNAs in ULMs using microarray and interrogated their interrelationship through co-expression analysis. We found that lncRNAs and mRNAs were dysregulated in ULMs and the degree of dysregulation was positively correlated with tumor size. Further analysis showed that lncRNAs correlate to their cis mRNAs in expression levels depending on genomic locations and orientations. Moreover, we identified several dysregulated pathways that were correlated to dysregulated lncRNAs. We validated several aberrantly expressed lncRNAs in extended samples and confirmed that AK023096 was down-regulated and chromatin-associated RNA (CAR) Intergenic 10 was up-regulated in the majority of leiomyomas. Knockdown of Intergenic 10 inhibited the proliferation of leiomyoma cells in vitro, indicating its functional importance in ULM pathogenesis. The neighboring protein-coding gene ADAM12 was also downregulated in Intergenic 10 knockdown leiomyoma cells. We showed for the first time that lncRNAs were dysregulated in uterine leiomyomas. Aberrantly expressed lncRNAs may contribute to the pathogenesis of uterine leiomyomas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8625-8636
Number of pages12
JournalOncotarget
Volume5
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • CAR Intergenic 10
  • Microarray
  • Protein coding genes
  • Uterine leiomyoma
  • lncRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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    Guo, H., Zhang, X., Dong, R., Liu, X., Li, Y., Lu, S., Xu, L., Wang, Y., Wang, X., Hou, D., Wei, J. J., Shao, C., & Liu, Z. (2014). Integrated analysis of long noncoding RNAs and mRNAs reveals their potential roles in the pathogenesis of uterine leiomyomas. Oncotarget, 5(18), 8625-8636. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.2349