Integrated Multimodality Telemedicine to Enhance In-Home Care of Infants During the Interstage Period

Carolyn C. Foster*, Michelle Steltzer, Amanda Snyder, Carrie Alden, Khrystyna Helner, Dana A. Schinasi, Katie Bohling, Kiona Allen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Performing interstage home monitoring using digital platforms (teleIHM) is becoming commonplace but, when used alone, may still require frequent travel for in-person care. We evaluated the acceptability, feasibility, and added value of integrating teleIHM with synchronous telemedicine video visits (VVs) and asynchronous video/photo sharing (V/P) during the interstage period. We conducted a descriptive program evaluation of patient-families receiving integrated multimodality telemedicine (teleIHM + VV + V/P) interstage care from 7/15/2018 to 05/15/2020. First, provider focus groups were conducted to develop a program logic model. Second, patient characteristics and clinical course were reviewed and analyzed with univariate statistics. Third, semi-structured qualitative interviews of family caregivers’ experiences were assessed using applied thematic analysis. Within the study period, 41 patients received teleIHM + VV + V/P care, of which 6 were still interstage and 4 died. About half (51%) of patients were female and 54% were a racial/ethnic minority. Median age was 42 days old (IQR 25, 58) at interstage start, with a median of 113 total days (IQR 72, 151). A total of 551 VVs were conducted with a median 12 VVs (IQR 7, 18) per patient. Parents sent a median 2 pictures (IQR 0–3, range 0–82). Qualitatively, families reported an adjustment period to teleIHM, but engaged favorably with telemedicine overall. Families felt reassured by the oversight routine telemedicine provided and identified logistical and clinical value to VVs above teleIHM alone, while acknowledging trade-offs with in-person care. Integration of multimodality telemedicine is a feasible and acceptable approach to enhance in-home care during the interstage period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-360
Number of pages12
JournalPediatric cardiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2021


  • Advanced practice provider
  • Interstage home monitoring
  • Nurse coordinator
  • Remote patient monitoring
  • Telemedicine
  • Video visit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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