Integrative behavioral treatment for NREM parasomnias: A case series

Jennifer M. Mundt*, Kelly G. Baron

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A variety of behavioral interventions have been shown to improve symptoms of non-rapid eye movement parasomnias. Prior reports have typically examined outcomes of a single behavioral intervention. However, non-rapid eye movement parasomnias may benefit from a multipronged treatment approach similar to that used in the behavioral treatment of other sleep disorders. Through a series of 3 case reports, we demonstrate the utility of a case-conceptualization based, integrative approach to behavioral treatment of adult non-rapid eye movement parasomnias. For all patients (2 with disorders of arousal and 1 with sleep-related eating disorder), symptoms were satisfactorily reduced after 3–6 sessions. Treatment was tailored to each individual, but common elements included education, hypnosis, and identifying and reducing priming factors (eg, stress, insufficient sleep) and precipitating factors (eg, noise or touch from bed partners).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1313-1316
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Clinical Sleep Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2021


  • Confusional arousals
  • Hypnosis
  • Parasomnias
  • Sleep arousal disorders
  • Sleep terrors
  • Sleep-related eating
  • Sleepwalking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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