Intelligence and achievement in children with myelomeningocele

Karen E. Wills*, Grayson N. Holmbeck, Katherine Dillon, David G. Mclone

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

114 Scopus citations


Intelligence and achievement test scores for 89 children with myelomeningocele (MM), ages 4 to 14 years, were obtained from medical records. These children scored below the population average but within the normal range on most tests. The greatest deficits occurred on Performance IQ, arithmetic achievement, and visual-motor integration (copying geometric designs). With increasing age, these children fell further behind age-peers on tests of arithmetic and visual-motor performance while keeping pace on reading and spelling tests. We specualte that these findings may reflect a developmental difference between MM children and nonhandicapped children in a visual-perceptual-organizational cognitive function such as Rourke (1987) has proposed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)161-176
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of pediatric psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1990


  • Achievement
  • Children
  • Intelligence
  • Myleomemngocele
  • Spma bifida

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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