Interaction between the insulin-like growth factor family and the integrin receptor family in tissue repair processes: Evidence in a rabbit ear dermal ulcer model

Robert D. Galiano, Lily L. Zhao, David R. Clemmons, Sanford I. Roth, Xuanhan Lin, Thomas A. Mustoe*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have determined previously that IGF-I is dependent on the presence of IGF binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) to act as a wound healing agent. We sought to determine the mechanism whereby IGFBP-1 is able to enhance IGF-I bioactivity. As IGFBP-1 binds both the α5β1 integrin as well as IGF-I in vitro, we asked which of the following interactions were important: (a) the ability of IGFBP- 1 to interact with an integrin receptor, and/or (b) the binding of IGF-I by IGFBP-1. We used an IGF-1 analogue (des(1-3)IGF-I) with a > 100-fold reduction in affinity for IGFBP-1 as well as an IGFBP-1 mutant (WGD-IGFBP-1) which does not associate with the α5β1 integrin to selectively abrogate each of these interactions. We also tested the ability of IGFBP-2, a related binding protein which has an arginine-glycine-aspartate sequence but does not associate with integrin family members, to enhance IGF-I bioactivity. Full- thickness dermal wounds were created on rabbit ears; various combinations of native IGF-I, native IGFBP-1, native IGFBP-2, and their respective analogues/mutants were applied to each wound. Wounds were harvested 7 d later for analysis. Only native IGF-I in combination with native IGFBP-1 was effective as a wound healing agent, enhancing reepithelialization and granulation tissue deposition by 64±5 and 83±12% over controls (P = 0.008 and 0.016, respectively). The same doses of IGF-I/WGD-IGFBP-1, des(1-3)IGF- I/IGFBP-1, and IGF-I/IGFBP-2 were ineffective. We propose that IGF-I physically interacts with IGFBP-1 and that IGFBP-1 also binds to an integrin receptor, most likely the α5β1 integrin. This interaction is unique to IGFBP-1 as the closely related IGFBP-2 had no effect, a finding consistent with its inability to bind to integrin receptors. Our results suggest that activation of both the IGF-I receptor and the α5β1 integrin is required for IGF-I to stimulate wound healing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2462-2468
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume98
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1996

Keywords

  • extracellular matrix
  • growth factors
  • insulin-like growth factor-I
  • integrins
  • wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Interaction between the insulin-like growth factor family and the integrin receptor family in tissue repair processes: Evidence in a rabbit ear dermal ulcer model'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this