The scanning laser source (SLS) technique has been proposed recently as an effective way to investigate small surface-breaking cracks. By monitoring the amplitude and frequency changes of the ultrasound generated as the SLS scans over a defect, the SLS technique has provided enhanced signal-to-noise performance compared to the traditional pitch-catch or pulse-echo ultrasonic methods. In previous work, either a point source or a short line source was used for generation of ultrasound. The resulting Rayleigh wave was typically bipolar in nature. In this paper, a scanning laser line source (SLLS) technique using a true thermoelastic line source (which leads to generation of monopolar surface waves) is demonstrated experimentally and through numerical simulation. Experiments are performed using a line-focused Nd:YAG laser and interferometric detection. For the numerical simulation, a hybrid model combining a mass-spring lattice method (MSLM) and a finite difference method (FDM) is used. As the SLLS is scanned over a surface-breaking flaw, it is shown both experimentally and numerically that the monopolar Rayleigh wave becomes bipolar, dramatically indicating the presence of the flaw.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics