Interaction of Anhydrous Formic Acid with Model Amides

C. F. Nawrot, Arthur Veis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


The interaction of anhydrous formic acid with model amides has been studied using infrared, nmr, viscosity, conductance, and density measurements. Several equilibria are needed to describe this interaction over the entire mixing range of acid and amide: hydrogen bonding is prevalent over the entire mixing range, protonation of the amides occurs at high acid concentrations, and ion pair formation is present at intermediate acid concentrations. The data are consistent with protonation and hydrogen bonds involving the acidic proton of formic acid and the amide carbonyl oxygen. The degree of protonation, as measured directly by the specific conductance, reflects the basicities of the different amide carbonyls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3903-3910
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number13
StatePublished - Jul 1 1970

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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