Radioiodinated derivatives of the metabolically stable enkephalin analogues, [DAla2,Leu5]- and [DAla2,DLeu5]-enkephalin, have been prepared. Such derivatives show sterospecific binding to receptors in brain homogenates and some neuroblastoma cell lines such as NG108-15 and N4TG1. The relative effects of levorphanol and dextrorphan and Na+ and Mn++ ions on enkephalin binding in brain and cells indicate that the iodinated derivatives are interacting with opiate receptors. Levorphanol is considerably more potent in displacing specifically bound enkephalin than dextrorphan. Sodium ions at physiological concentrations decrease enkephalin binding whereas manganese ions enhance it. Unlabelled monoiodo derivatives retain high potency in the guinea-pig ileum, mouse vas deferens and receptor binding assays. Unlabelled diiodo derivatives show far lower potency in these assays. It is concluded that radio-iodinated derivatives containing one iodine per molecule retain high affinity for the opiate receptor but diiodo derivatives do not.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)