Rationale Subchronic administration to rodents of the N-methyl-D-aspartate non-competitive antagonist, phencyclidine (PCP), impairs novel object recognition (NOR). Atypical antipsychotic drugs (APDs) reverse the effects of subchronic PCP on NOR. The effect of metabotropic glutamate2/3 receptor (mGlu 2/3) agonists upon NOR is unknown. Objectives and methods We tested the hypotheses that the mGlu 2/3 agonist, LY379268, by itself, or in combination with APDs or pimavanserin, a 5-HT2A inverse agonist, would reverse the deficit in NOR induced by subchronic treatment with PCP (2 mg/kg, b.i.d., for 7 days). Results The mGlu 2/3 agonist LY379268 (1 or 3 mg/kg) did not attenuate the PCP-induced NOR deficit. However, together with sub-effective dose of the atypical APDs, clozapine (0.1 mg/kg) or lurasidone (0.03 mg/kg), but not the typical APD, haloperidol (0.1 mg/kg), or pimavanserin (3 mg/kg), LY379268, 1 mg/kg, significantly reversed the PCP-induced NOR deficit. Moreover, the effect of clozapine was blocked by the mGlu 2/3 antagonist, LY341495 (1 mg/kg). Conclusions These results indicate that mGlu 2/3 agonism can potentiate the ability of atypical, but not typical APDs, to ameliorate the effect of subchronic PCP on NOR, that mGlu 2/3 agonism may contribute to the ability of atypical APDs to acutely reverse the effect of subchronic PCP on NOR, but that by itself, mGlu 2/3 agonism, is ineffective in this model of cognitive impairment in schizophrenia. These results suggest that mGlu 2/3 receptor agonism should be investigated as an adjunctive treatment of cognitive impairment in schizophrenia rather than as monotherapy, which may be effective for control of psychosis, but not for cognitive impairment.
- Metabotropic glutamate receptor
- Object recognition
ASJC Scopus subject areas