Interactions of Thymidine, Hyperthermia, and ci5-Diammine-l,l-cyclobutane Dicarboxylate Platinum(II) in Human T-Cell Leukemia

Justin D. Cohen, H. Ian Robins, Cynthia L. Schmitt, Martin A. Tanner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using JM and MOLT3, two human T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell lines, we investigated the ability of 24-h thymidine exposures to enhance the cytotoxicity of ciVdiammine-l,l-cyclobutane dicarboxylate platinum(II) (carboplatin). Clinically achievable thymidine concentrations (for 24 h) significantly enhanced carboplatin killing. Unexpectedly, thymidine-carboplatin enhancement was as great at a relatively low 200-μg thymidine/ml as at the clinically much more toxic range of 1000 μg/ml. For a constant thymidine concentration (500 Mg/ml), thymidine-carboplatin interaction increased with longer thymidine exposures until about 16 to 24 h. Thymidine and 41.8°C hyperthermia (for 1 h) together enhanced carboplatin killing significantly more than did hyperthermia-carboplatin or thymidine-carboplatin combinations. These results show that relatively brief, presumptively nonmyelosup-pressive thymidine exposures can significantly increase carboplatin killing. Carboplatin-thymidine killing can then be further augmented by 41.8°C hyperthermia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5805-5809
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Research
Volume49
Issue number21
StatePublished - Nov 1 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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