Interface Engineering of Flexible Piezoresistive Sensors via Near-Field Electrospinning Processed Spacer Layers

Yan Huang, Xiangyu You, Zhiqiang Tang, Kai Yu Tong, Ping Guo*, Ni Zhao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


The interface contact between the active material and its neighboring metal electrodes dominates the sensing response of mainstream high-sensitivity piezoresistive pressure sensors. However, the properties of such interface are often difficult to control and preserve owing to the limited strategies to precisely engineer the surface structure and mechanical property of the active material. Here, a top-down fabrication method to create a grid-like polyurethane fiber-based spacer layer at the interface between a piezoresistive layer and its contact electrodes is proposed. The tuning of the period and thickness of the spacer layer is conveniently achieved by a programmable near-field electrospinning process, and the influence of the spacer structure on the sensing performance is systematically investigated. The sensor with the optimized spacer layer shows a widened sensing range (230 kPa) while maintaining a high sensitivity (1.91 kPa−1). Furthermore, the output current fluctuation of the sensors during a 74 000-cycle test is drastically reduced from 14.28% (without a spacer) to 3.63% (with a spacer), demonstrating greatly enhanced long-term reliability. The new near-field electrospinning-based strategy is capable of tuning sensor responses without changing the active material, providing a universal and scalable path to engineer the performances of contact-dominant sensors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2000842
JournalSmall Methods
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 15 2021


  • near-field electrospinning
  • pressure sensing
  • spacer layers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science


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