Interfacial Phase Transitions in Block Copolymer/Homopolymer Blends

Kenneth R. Shull*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

101 Scopus citations

Abstract

A theoretical treatment of A–B diblock copolymer aggregation in matrices of homopolymer A is developed. These aggregates, termed “bulk” micelles when they form within a homogeneous matrix phase and “surface” micelles when they form at a surface or interface, can be pointlike (spherical), linear (cylindrical), or planar (lamellar). Bulk micelles set the limiting value of the copolymer chemical potential which can be obtained in a given system. Surface micelles will be formed at lower copolymer chemical potentials when the surface has a preferential affinity for the B repeat units which make up the micelle core. The interfacial properties are determined by the copolymer asymmetry g, the thermodynamic incompatibility χNc between A and B copolymer blocks, the ratio Nh/Nc of the homopolymer and copolymer molecular weights, and a bare surface free energy difference γab between A and B polymers. A scaling treatment valid for Nh/Nc ≳ 1 is developed from a simple physical picture of the aggregation process. Phase transitions between different surface micellar geometries are predicted to occur for certain combinations of g and γab. The primary result of the scaling treatment is a surface phase diagram describing the transitions which can occur for different values of these parameters. A more quantitative self-consistent-field treatment based on the description of the polymer chain statistics by a set of chain-end distribution functions is also developed. The self-consistent-field predictions include the detailed structures of both bulk and surface micelles and give values for the copolymer chemical potential for bulk micelles which are in quantitative agreement with recent experiments. The self-consistent-field theory is used to illustrate the detailed nature of some surface phase transitions and is also applied to the segregation of an A/B diblock copolymer to the interface between immiscible A and C homopolymers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2346-2360
Number of pages15
JournalMacromolecules
Volume26
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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