Interferon-γ engages the p70 S6 kinase to regulate phosphorylation of the 40S S6 ribosomal protein

Fatima Lekmine, Antonella Sassano, Shahab Uddin, Jessica Smith, Beata Majchrzak, Saskia M. Brachmann, Nissim Hay, Eleanor N. Fish, Leonidas C. Platanias*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

The signals generated by the IFNγ receptor to initiate mRNA translation and generation of protein products that mediate IFNγ responses are largely unknown. In the present study, we provide evidence for the existence of an IFNγ-dependent signaling cascade activated downstream of the phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3′-kinase, involving the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and the p70 S6 kinase. Our data demonstrate that p70 S6K is rapidly phosphorylated and activated during engagement of the IFNγ receptor in sensitive cell lines. Such activation of p70 S6 kinase is blocked by pharmacological inhibitors of the PI 3′ kinase and mTOR, and is abrogated in double-knockout mouse embryonic fibroblasts for the α and β isoforms of the p85 regulatory subunit of the PI 3′-kinase. The IFNγ-activated p70 S6 kinase subsequently phosphorylates the 40S S6 ribosomal protein on serines 235/236, to regulate IFNγ-dependent mRNA translation. In addition to phosphorylation of 40S ribosomal protein, IFNγ also induces phosphorylation of the 4E-BP1 repressor of mRNA translation on threonines 37/46, threonine 70, and serine 65, sites whose phosphorylation is required for the inactivation of 4E-BP1 and its dissociation from the eukaryotic initiation factor-4E (eIF4E) complex. Thus, engagement of the PI 3′-kinase and mTOR by the IFNγ receptor results in the generation of two distinct signals that play roles in the initiation of mRNA translation, suggesting an important role for this pathway in IFNγ signaling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-182
Number of pages10
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Volume295
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2004

Keywords

  • 40S S6 ribosomal protein
  • FKBP12 rapamycin-associated protein
  • FRAP
  • IFN
  • Interferon
  • Interferon γ
  • PI 3′-kinase
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3′-kinase
  • Signal transducer and activator of transcription
  • Stat
  • mTOR
  • p70 S6 kinase
  • p70 S6K

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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