Interlaminar/interfiber failure of unidirectional glass fiber reinforced composites used for wind turbine blades

Martin Leong*, Lars C.T. Overgaard, Isaac M. Daniel, Erik Lund, Ole T. Thomsen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


A unidirectional glass fiber/epoxy composite was characterized under multi-axial loading by testing off-axis specimens under uniaxial tension and compression at various angles relative to the fiber direction. Iosipescu shear tests were performed with both symmetric and asymmetric specimens. Tests were performed on both 1-2 and 1-3 material coordinate planes. Strain gauges and Digital Image Correlation were used to record the stress-strain responses. A new approach was used to define a 'failure initiation strength' by analyzing the recorded stress-strain curves. The experimentally determined failure stresses were compared with the predictions of the maximum stress, Tsai-Wu and Northwestern University failure criteria. It was found that using the approach of analyzing the stress-strain curve to define a point of material failure initiation, it was possible to obtain good correlation between the experimental data and predictions by both the Tsai-Wu and the NU failure criteria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-368
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Composite Materials
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 2013


  • Glass fiber reinforced composites
  • failure criteria
  • material characterization
  • off-axis testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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