Expression of receptors for IL 2 was believed initially to be restricted to T cells after their activation by IL 1 and antigen. However, recently IL 2 receptors (IL 2R) were demonstrated on activated B cells by using an anti-IL 2R monoclonal antibody (anti-Tac). In this study, we examined the capacity of cultured human alveolar macrophages, blood monocytes, and myelomonocytic (HL-60) or monoblast (U937) cell lines to bind three different anti-IL 2R monoclonal antibodies before or after stimulation with the monocyte-activating agents IFN-γ, LPS, phorbol ester, or lymphokine-containing conditioned medium. For each of the four cell populations examined, resting unstimulated cells bound little or no anti-IL 2R antibody, as shown independently by quantitative cell binding assay and by immunoperoxidase labeling. By contrast, incubation with recombinant IFN-γ, conditioned medium, or to a lesser extent, native or recombinant IL 2 itself, resulted in a significant enhancement of anti-IL 2 receptor monoclonal antibody binding by all four populations, whereas LPS, PMA, or IL 1 had no effect. In addition, membrane binding of anti-Tac antibody, similar to that seen after stimulation of normal lung macrophages with IFN-γ, was detected by using macrophages obtained by bronchoalveolar lavage of five patients with active pulmonary sarcoidosis. These findings are consistent with the expression of a functional IL 2R on activated cells of the monocyte lineage, since i) anti-Tac binding to IFN-γ-treated HL-60 cells was inhibited by addition of excess IL-2; ii) specific binding of anti-IL 2 monoclonal antibodies was detected in the presence of exogenous IL 2; and iii) a 50 to 55 kD molecule was immunoprecipitated from both lung macrophages and T lymphoblasts by using anti-Tac antibody. We conclude that human mononuclear phagocytes can be induced by lymphokines to express IL 2R, and that such IL 2R+ macrophages can be detected in vivo during inflammation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1987|
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