Interleukin-7 (IL7) is a hematopoietic cytokine with critical functions in both B- and T-lymphocyte development. In this study, we find that IL7 exhibits trophic properties in the developing brain as well. Treatment of cultures of embryonic brain with exogenous IL7 increases neuronal survival and results in greater numbers of cells manifesting neurite outgrowth. As demonstrated with single-cell cultures, IL7 acts directly to promote neuronal survival. Expression of the mRNA encoding the high-affinity IL7 receptor (IL7R) is observed in vitro in neurons as well as in subventricular-zone; progenitor cells. Phosphorylation of p59(fyn), which is activated by IL7 in pre-B cells and is thought to be important in neural development, occurs rapidly following IL7 treatment of cultured embryonic neurons. Additionally, the expression of c-myc mRNA, which is modulated by IL7 in lymphoid cells, is upregulated by IL7 in the same CNS cultures. Finally, the messenger RNAs encoding IL7 and IL7R are expressed in vivo in developing brain. The direct neurotrophic properties of IL7 combined with the expression of ligand and receptor in developing brain suggest that IL7 may be a neuronal growth factor of physiological significance during central nervous system (CNS) ontogeny.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|State||Published - Oct 10 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Developmental Biology
- Cell Biology