For electron or hole transfer between neighboring conducting polymer strands or oligomers, the intrinsic charge-transfer rate is dictated by the charge-resonance integral and by the reorganization energy due to geometric relaxation. To explain conduction anisotropy and other solid-state effects, a multivariate, systematic analysis of bandwidth as a function of intermolecular orientations is undertaken for a series of oligoheterocycles, using first-principles methods. While cofacial oligomers show the greatest bandwidths at a given intermolecular C-C contact distance, for a fixed center-to-center intermolecular distance, tilted π-stacking increases π-overlap (particularly for LUMO orbitals) and decreases electrostatic repulsion, yielding optimum tilt angles for packing of ∼40-60° at small intermolecular separations. The calculations also reveal that bandwidths and intrinsic mobilities of holes and electrons in conjugated oligoheterocycles can be quite comparable.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry