International Communications and the Second World: Developments in Communication Strategies

John D.h. Downing*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


There are many forms of communication between the socialist nations, and between them and capitalist countries, such as diplomatic (both conventional and public), party-to-party, scientific and foreign language media services. This article focuses upon the use of media technologies in international communication. It examines (a) TV programme exchange practices and policies; (b) the role of the Intersputnik international satellite organization; (c) the development of computer-aided international data transmission (TBDFs); and (d) the respective places of Cuba and Nicaragua in this communication complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-119
Number of pages21
JournalEuropean Journal of Communication
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Communication


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