International ERS/ESICM/ESCMID/ALAT guidelines for the management of hospital-acquired pneumonia and ventilator-associated pneumonia

Antoni Torres*, Michael S. Niederman, Jean Chastre, Santiago Ewig, Patricia Fernandez-Vandellos, Hakan Hanberger, Marin Kollef, Gianluigi Li Bassi, Carlos M. Luna, Ignacio Martin-Loeches, J. Artur Paiva, Robert C. Read, David Rigau, Jean François Timsit, Tobias Welte, Richard Wunderink

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

279 Scopus citations

Abstract

The most recent European guidelines and task force reports on hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) were published almost 10 years ago. Since then, further randomised clinical trials of HAP and VAP have been conducted and new information has become available. Studies of epidemiology, diagnosis, empiric treatment, response to treatment, new antibiotics or new forms of antibiotic administration and disease prevention have changed old paradigms. In addition, important differences between approaches in Europe and the USA have become apparent. The European Respiratory Society launched a project to develop new international guidelines for HAP and VAP. Other European societies, including the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine and the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, were invited to participate and appointed their representatives. The Latin American Thoracic Association was also invited. A total of 15 experts and two methodologists made up the panel. Three experts from the USA were also invited (Michael S. Niederman, Marin Kollef and Richard Wunderink). Applying the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation) methodology, the panel selected seven PICO (population-intervention-comparison-outcome) questions that generated a series of recommendations for HAP/VAP diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number00582
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Volume50
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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