International expert panel on inflammatory breast cancer: Consensus statement for standardized diagnosis and treatment

S. Dawood, S. D. Merajver, P. Viens, P. B. Vermeulen, S. M. Swain, T. A. Buchholz, L. Y. Dirix, P. H. Levine, A. Lucci, S. Krishnamurthy, F. M. Robertson, W. A. Woodward, W. T. Yang, N. T. Ueno, M. Cristofanilli*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

373 Scopus citations


Background: Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) represents the most aggressive presentation of breast cancer. Women diagnosed with IBC typically have a poorer prognosis compared with those diagnosed with non-IBC tumors. Recommendations and guidelines published to date on the diagnosis, management, and follow-up of women with breast cancer have focused primarily on non-IBC tumors. Establishing a minimum standard for clinical diagnosis and treatment of IBC is needed. Methods: Recognizing IBC to be a distinct entity, a group of international experts met in December 2008 at the First International Conference on Inflammatory Breast Cancer to develop guidelines for the management of IBC. Results: The panel of leading IBC experts formed a consensus on the minimum requirements to accurately diagnose IBC, supported by pathological confirmation. In addition, the panel emphasized a multimodality approach of systemic chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation therapy. Conclusions: The goal of these guidelines, based on an expert consensus after careful review of published data, is to help the clinical diagnosis of this rare disease and to standardize management of IBC among treating physicians in both the academic and community settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)515-523
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2011


  • Guidelines
  • Inflammatory breast cancer
  • Management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology


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