International Migration and Modern Contraceptive Use: A Research Note on African Migrants to France

Julia A. Behrman*, Michelle A. Eilers, Isabel H.Mcloughlin Brooks, Abigail Weitzman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This research note presents a multisited analysis of migration and contracep tive use by standardizing and integrating a sample of African migrants in France from six West and Central African countries in the Trajectoires et Origines survey with a sample of women living in the same six African countries in the Demographic and Health Surveys. Descriptive analyses indicate that the contraceptive use of migrants more closely aligns with that of native French women than with that of women from origin countries. In particular, migrants report dramatically higher use of long-acting reversible contraceptives and short-acting hormonal methods and lower use of traditional methods than do women in the countries of origin. Although migrants differ from women in the countries of origin on observed characteristics, including education and family background, reweighting women in the origin countries to resemble migrants on these characteristics does little to explain differences in contraceptive use between the groups. Given that contraceptive use is an important proximate determinant of fertil ity, our results suggest that contraceptive use should feature more prominently in the dominant demographic paradigms of migrant fertility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-36
Number of pages10
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2022


  • Africa
  • Contraception
  • France
  • Migration
  • Trajectoires et Origines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography


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