This chapter presents a political-economic analysis of migration from Bangladesh. Based on a review of available literature, it discusses the role of the state in migration out of Bangladesh to various destinations. It locates the origin of this migration in its history of population movement during the colonial era and recognizes the role of the late-colonial state in managing migration. It presents a brief overview of contemporary migration in Bangladesh classifying them in terms of composition of the flows, their stated goals and observed consequence both in the destination and origin countries. Finally, it explores the role of the state in Bangladesh by discussing particular laws and policy instruments with their effectiveness and challenges to make those more efficient in achieving the expected policy outcomes. It concludes with a brief overview of the response of Bangladesh government and also by reiterating the need for more research exploring the role of the state in migration origin and its potential benefits.