Interprofessional education in medical-legal partnerships (MLPs) to address social determinants of health

Lauren A. Gard*, Tami Bartell, Anuj K. Shah, Alice B. Setrini, Karen Sheehan, Corinne H. Miller, Erin T. Paquette

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Medical-legal partnerships (MLP) address legal needs that contribute to health inequities. Health providers express discomfort accessing legal services and a desire for greater training, however best practices remain unclear. Methods. We conducted a scoping literature review and interviews with key informants to identify essential components of MLP training and best practices in MLP training. Results. Twenty-one articles out of an initial 1,247 met criteria. Most learners were medical (11; 52%) or law (13; 62%) students or residents (12; 57%). Training was primarily led by lawyers (18; 86%). Educational approaches included didactics (15; 71%). Content was focused on skill-acquisition (18; 86%). Most training was presented as stand-alone (5; 24%) courses. Essential skills included issuespotting, adaptability, and trauma-informed care. Conclusion. Medical-legal partnerships make use of varied perspectives to address unmet legal needs. This review helped identify best practices in training and a need for future study on evaluation. Future research should explore how best to evaluate the effectiveness of MLP training.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1720-1733
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of health care for the poor and underserved
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2021


  • Education
  • Interprofessionalism
  • Medical-legal partnerships
  • Social determinants of health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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