This paper proposes an information-based dynamic lane (IDYL) scheme for signalized intersections with exclusive left-turn phases. Similar to the tandem design, the proposed scheme aims to increase the capacity of an isolated intersection by sorting incoming vehicles based on their turning movements. Its novelty is to guide vehicles of different movements into pre-designated dynamic lanes without stopping them via pre-signal. The assumption is that vehicles themselves or their drivers have access to, and can act on, real-time signal timing information through vehicle-to-signal connection to select the correct lane to enter as they approach the intersection. A mixed integer program is proposed to optimize jointly the lane configuration, timing plan, and dynamic lane utilization for an intersection. Results from numerical and simulation experiments show that IDYL can increase the reserve capacity by more than 25% when implemented on all legs of a standard four-leg intersection, and reduce the delay by around 15% when implemented on two opposing legs. The results from this study could help traffic engineers to operate signalized intersections with dynamic lanes when vehicle-to-signal connection becomes widely available in the near future.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering