Intersensory redundancy hinders face discrimination in preschool children: Evidence for visual facilitation

Lorraine E. Bahrick*, Sheila Krogh-Jespersen, Melissa A. Argumosa, Hassel Lopez

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although infants and children show impressive face-processing skills, little research has focused on the conditions that facilitate versus impair face perception. According to the intersensory redundancy hypothesis (IRH), face discrimination, which relies on detection of visual featural information, should be impaired in the context of intersensory redundancy provided by audiovisual speech and enhanced when intersensory redundancy is absent. Evidence of this visual facilitation and intersensory interference was found in a recent study of 2-month-old infants (Bahrick, Lickliter, & Castellanos, in press). The present study is the first to extend tests of this principle of the IRH to children. Using a more difficult face recognition task in the context of a story, results from 4-year-old children paralleled those of infants and demonstrate that face discrimination in children is also facilitated by dynamic, visual-only exposure, in the absence of intersensory redundancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)414-421
Number of pages8
JournalDevelopmental psychology
Volume50
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2014

Keywords

  • Audiovisual event perception
  • Child face perception
  • Dynamic face discrimination
  • Face-voice processing
  • Intersensory redundancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies
  • Demography

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